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Schistosoma Urine Microscopy


Urogenital Schistosomiasis is caused by Schistosoma haematobium a tropical blood fluke. In patients with haematuria, eggs may be found trapped in the blood and mucus in the terminal portion of the urine specimen.


Total urine between 10am-2pm or Terminal Stream Urine over 24hrs

Specimen container

Sterile universal without boric acid (boric acid containers will be rejected) or a 24hr urine collection vessel

Specimen Collection

The density of ova in urine varies throughout the day, with the highest concentration between 10 am and 2 pm. It is therefore preferable to obtain total urine collected over the time period between 10am and 2pm, or terminal stream urines collected over a whole 24 hour period.

Special Instructions

Please contact the laboratory to discuss with a Medical microbiologist prior to sending samples as often a blood test (serology) is preferable to urine investigations.

The most common symptom of urogenital schistosomiasis is blood in the urine, please check for haematuria prior to sending a specimen.

Please clearly state ‘Schistosoma Microscopy’ on the request and include details of foreign travel.

Test Usage

Microscopy for the eggs of Schistosoma haematobium


Tested at RD&E

Processing Time


Urgent Specimen Instructions

Please contact the laboratory to discuss.

Schistosoma Serology


(Key words: Bilharzia, Schistosoma, Schistosomal, Schistosomiasis)

Specimen Labelling Procedure
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