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Osmolality (Serum and Urine)

Blood Sciences Test


Specimen

Serum or Early Morning Urine

Units

mosmol/kg

Reference Range

Serum 275 – 295 mosmol/kg
Urine 300 – 900 mosmol/Kg

Test Usage

Urine osmolality, which is under the control of pituitary ADH, varies over a wide range to ensure that alterations in fluid intake have little effect on the tightly controlled serum osmolality. Urine osmolality is typically highest on rising in the morning because of the absence of fluid intake during sleep.
An osmolality >600 (especially >800) makes diabetes insipidus unlikely.

An approximate serum osmolality is given by the formula:

osmolality = 2 x Na+ + urea + glucose

If there is a discrepancy between the calculated and measured osmolality. Some other osmotically active species is present in the patient. More often
than not this turns out to be C2H5OH

The normal physiological response to hyponatraemia is the secretion of a dilute urine with osmolality <100. A higher osmolality suggests SIADH.

 

Turnaround time

1 day

Availability

Local test

Can be added on to an existing request up to 4 days following sample receipt

Accreditation

Please note this test is not UKAS accredited

Specimen Labelling Procedure
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A UKAS Accredited Medical Laboratory

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